PHP and mySQL

Course Features

Course Details

Introduction To php Training
History of php Training
Comparison with dynamic content alternatives (Perl, CGI, ASP, JSP, Servlets , CGI, etc)
PHP tools and set up (web browser/server, editor, libraries, etc)
Create a basic PHP Script
Opening and Closing tags
PHP as a command line or batch language
Taking user input (HTML forms)
Self Referring Forms
Selecting alternatives
Use PHP to generate HTTP headers
Generating HTTP redirects
Pass PHP variables via the URL
Debugging Tips
Where to find PHP documentation
Taking User Input From Forms Via PHP
Creating forms with PHP
Security Protection from Cross Site Scripting
Using the form GET method
Using the form POST method
Obtaining data from forms through variables$_REQUEST,$_POSTor$_GET?
Using hidden fields
Secure Web Forms (HTTPS and SSL)
Calling pages from themselves using forms
Quoting HTML entities in user input
Variables And Expressions In PHP
Data Types (integers, floats, strings and booleans)
Type juggling
Text constants,
interpolation (strings, arrays, objects, functions), here & now documents
Creating Variables
Variable assignment
Variable Scope
User-defined Constants
String constants,variable interpolation into strings
Array, Object&Function interpolation
HTTP environment variables
Magic ConstantsGLOBALSarray
Variable References
PHP Operators
Arithmetic Operators
Logical Operators
Relational (Comparison) Operators
The Identity Operator
The Assignment Operators
Increment & Decrement Operators
Bitwise Operators
Error Suppression Operator
The Conditional (Ternary) Operator
The Default Operator
Execution Operators
Other Operators
Assignment Operators
Operator Precedence and Associativity
Conditional Tests And Events In PHP
True and Falseif
Comparing Strings and Numberselseandelseif
Hierarchical conditions (nestedifstatements)
The? :Operator
Comparing for equality or identity
The switch/case statement
Alternative Syntax for Control Structures
PHP Flow Control
Loopswhiledo ... while forbreakandcontinue goto exit
PHP Configuration
Module Vs CGI Usageregister_globals
Control of error logging
Control of resource limits
Commonly set configurations
File system securitysafe_mode and open_basedir
PHP4 compatibility in PHP5
A glance at upcoming PHP6
PHP Functions
Purpose of functions
Built-in functions
Declaring functions
Functions Arguments
Default Arguments
Arguments - Call by Reference
Returning References
Variable Scope (global vs local)
Static variables
Recursion include and require
Variable function calls
Storing Data In Arrays Using PHP
What are arrays?
How and when to use arrays
Indexing arrays, numeric and hashes
Initialising arrays
Using foreach
Add/remove elements from arrays
One-dimensional arrays
Multi-dimensional arrays
References to array elements
Arrays in forms
Array operators
Array related functions
Handling Databases With PHP
Error-handling Stratagies
Connection/disconnection to the database, log in/log out
Escaping strings in SQL statements
Including common access functions
Doing simple SQL queries via PHP
Building HTML tables using SQL Queries
Avoiding SQL Injection attacks
Access to: MySql, MySqli, Oracle and MS-SQL
Using PHP Data Objects - PDO
An Insight to Smart Programming
String Manipulation In PHP
Substring and [] operators
Case conversion, trimming
Formatting output data withsprintf
Adding & removing backslashes
Regular expressions
Metacharacters: character classes,repetitions
Regular Expression Examples
Alternation and Grouping
Sessions And Cookies In PHP
What is a session?
Dependencies on thephp.ini file
Understanding PHP session variables
Create a PHP session variable
Register and modify PHP session variables
Putting PHP session IDs in pages
Good Practise with sessions and PHP
Cookie properties
Setting a cookie in PHP
Retrieving PHP cookies
Expiring/Deleting PHP cookies
Drawbacks to cookies
Using cookies well
Testing for cookie support
Sessions without cookies
Cookie Security Issues
File And Directory Access Using PHP
Opening files, local and remote
Reading & writing and moving about in filesfflush(),file(),fpassthru(),readfile()
PHP portability on different Operating Systems
Finding file metadata: size, ownership, modification time
Handling file permissions
Handling file ownership
Copying, Renaming and Deleting Files
File locking
Opening and reading directories
File uploads from the browser/user
Other I/O Issues In PHP
Getting IP addresses from visitors
Getting referring URLs from visitors
Environment variables
Showing different content to different browsers (IE, Netscape, Firefox, Mozilla, Opera, etc)
Handling HTTP and MIME headers
Object Orientation In PHP
Object basics
Classes in PHP
PHP4 - constructors
PHP5 - constructors and destructors
Accessing instance data and functions__sleepand__wakeup__autoload
Class constants
PHP5 OO Additions,type hints,foreach,__autoload
PHP 5.4— instantiate & member access
Objects: Assignments and Referencestry,throwcatchexception handling
PEAR, PECL And Smarty
PECL quick tour
APC - Alternative PHP Cache
Xdebug - debugging and profiling
PEAR installation and quick tour
PEAR Config
PEAR Auth (login)
PEAR HTML_QuickForm2
Smarty Templates
Smarty and HTML_QuickForm2
Smarty and QuickForm2 help with security
Handling Email With PHP
Sending email
Sending multi part email-MIME
Accessing mail boxes – IMAP and POP
Graphics In PHP
Graphics basics,referencing a PHP scrip in an IMG tag
Image MIME type
Basic examples,line/box drawing
Creation from an existing image
Image copying and resizing
Drawing text on images
True Type fonts
Putting It All Together-Outline
Application design
Quick start
Web server configuration
Apache Virtualhost config
Simple project-2 table database
Project skeleton
Configuration:test&live sites
Structure of web program
Smarty templates for the project
Structure of a Smarty template
Example Smarty template
Firefox Add-ons:Web Developer,Firebug,YSlow
Using rsync to copy test to live
Putting It All Together-Database
The database behind the application
Designing the database
Metadata management
Entity-relationship (ER) diagrams
ER Diagram example
Data Modelling tools
Users to access the database
Creating the databases and tables
Creating test data
Putting It All Together-Displaying Data
Displaying data from the database
Outline of data display function
Example list display function
Displaying a list with Smarty
More succinct use of SQL
Combine tests in a WHERE clause
SQL:grouping and Ordering of results
Displaying long lists in pages withLIMIT
Showing lists a page at a time
Implementing pages in Smarty Templates
Making Smarty and SQL play well
Acting On Items In A List
Choosing items from a list
Big picture
Multiple items chosen at once
One item only to be chosen
One item with selectactiononChange:auto submit the form
Greying out options
Searching in a list
What to do with something chosen
Create and Edit Data Creating & editing data
Creating & editing are much the same
Use the same names everywhere
outline use of a HTML_QuickForm2form
Adding fields to the form
Field validation
Validation types
Smarty Template withHTML_QuickForm2
Form validation and processing
Display of validation errors
Putting It All Together-Conclusion
Other issues
Version control
Audit trail
security and access control
Styling and accessibility
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