SAP BPC Interview Questions

What is BPC?

As you must be aware that BPC stands for Business Planning and Consolidation. As the name suggest, BPC is used for both Planning and Consolidations, unlike IP, which is used for only planning.

What is EPM?

SAP Enterprise Performance Management (EPM) allows your organization to improve its financial and operational performance management. SAP EPM supports various functionalities with SAP Business Planning and Consolidation BPC-NW or BPC-MS like financial consolidation, financial information management, supply chain performance management, strategy management, and many other areas.

What are the two version available for SAP BPC?

  • SAP BPC NetWeaver
  • BPC MS

What are the key benefits of using SAP BPC with NetWeaver?

Star Schema for Exceptional Reporting − SAP BPC uses NW InfoCubes to store the data. The dimension model used is extended Star Schema so it makes BPC with NW system an exceptional system for reporting.

No Database Dependence Version − BPC NW version is not dependent on database version and can run common databases like DB2, Oracle, SQL Server, etc.

BW Accelerator Support − SAP NetWeaver BW accelerator tool is an additional feature that can be used to enhance the performance of reporting in the system even if you are using large datasets. It indirectly helps in saving the cost for a company as less number of report performance issues are reported.

BAdI Development and ABAP Support − SAP BPC with NetWeaver allows you to use ABAP programming to develop K2 script logic. It enables to create business add-in BAdi interface in the back-end system, which can be called later from script logic developed in BPC system. It helps in solving the complex business requirements and reducing the development time for an organization.

What are the key advantages of using BPC MS?

Dimension Logic − This can be configured in BPC system using simple mathematical formulas.

Business Rules − This allows you to create rules in BPC system to perform specific functions.

K2 Script Logic − This is used to perform some specific functions which can’t be achieved using out-of-box functionality to meet the business requirements. You can create K2 script logics to perform certain functions, which can be performed in a standard system.

What are the key components in BPC architecture?

Requirement − SAP NetWeaver ABAP 7.3 or 7.31

Database − Any of the above version of SAP NetWeaver support.

Operating System − Any supported version of SAP NetWeaver system and database engine.

Which databases are supported by SAP BPC with NetWeaver version?

This layer is responsible to store all the data in database. SAP NW back-end system is responsible to create objects and data stored for BPC system. NetWeaver supports most of the databases like SQL Server, DB2, Oracle, and many more.

When BPC 7.5 NW is available?

The 7.5 version is currently in the ramp-up stage and should be available in few months. I am not sure of the exact month.

BPC for NW has an aggregation level or not, Is BPC an application on top SAP-IP?

BPC and IP have completely different architecture. BPC doesn’t use aggregation levels or filters. BPC and IP have no relation and thus, cannot be compared. BPC uses various script logics, business rules for doing the planning. Manual planning can be done with input schedules. The input schedules are on excel platform and are quite versatile. You can use BPC functionalities along with native excel functionalities for better design of the input schedules.

What about BPC in consolidation part?

BPC comes with pre-delivered components for consolidation, which can be leveraged on. There are few business rules, which make the consolidation process easier.

What is the concept for plan data from BPC?

The concept of planning is the same as you have in any other tool. The functional side of the planning remains the same. However, the tool differs. The way you configure a planning scenario will be much different than any other planning tool. Unfortunately, it will not be feasible to address this in the forum. You can definitely go through the study materials for a better understanding.

BPC for NW need to install .NET application server and Web server or not?

Yes. You can have a look at the installation guide available on market place for detailed requirements.

What is BPC client tool? And If I planning on BEx report, I have to create an aggregation level for planning data or not?

BPC client sits on the client machines, from where; you will be doing the design. There are mainly 3 interfaces available – BPC Admin, BPC Office, and BPC Web. BPC Office, in turn has 3 interfaces – Excel, Word, PowerPoint. These interfaces can be used for various requirements.

Can you debug the data manager package?

UJD_TEST_PACKAGE .You must specify the User ID .The DM package can be selected with F4.

What are scoping commands?

The following keywords can be used to modify the scope: *XDIM_MEMBERSET Overwrites the scope for that dimension *XDIM_ADDMEMBERSET Add members to the scope of that dimension *XDIM_FILTER Filters the members of the scope of that dimension *XDIM_MAXMEMBERS Specifies the maximum number of members that should be included in one query (per dimension)

What are system variables?

%USER% – Returns current SAP Business Objects Planning and Consolidation User %APPSET% – Returns current SAP Business Objects Planning and Consolidation AppSet (Application Set) %APPLICATION% – Returns current SAP Business Objects Planning and Consolidation Application %YEAR% – Returns current calendar year.

START_BADI ROUND. CODE …. ENDBADI. What is ROUND ?

Technical name of the BADI.

startroutine = C1 endroutine = C2 What is C1 ?

Badi filters.

Process performed by setting up two Excel files?

Transformation file (required) .Conversion file (optional)

Where you can use the Java script?

Conversion File

Can VB script be used in Netweaver BPC?

No VB script in NetweaverBPC .

The list of supported MDX functions is available from function module

BAPI_MDPROVIDER_GET_FUNCTIONS.

Which are the on the fly calculations?

Dimension member formulas.

Which logic is stored in the database?

Script logic.

What is the difference between EVGTS and EVSND?

EVGTS: The EVGTS (Get value and scale) function retrieves a data value based on the specified members, and scales the value if the scale property is enabled on the dimension. The report templates provided in the sample application set have a scale reference in the Control Panel area of the template. EVSND: EVSND This Send function references another cell and sends its value to the database when you select Send and Refresh Schedules. The parameters specify the dimensions that identify where the data value is to be sent in the database. EVSND returns the value from the database to the referenced cell. You do not need to add any EVGET functions to the sheet to return values to the cell. Since the values are returned to the referenced cell, BPC sends only the cells that have changed since the last send in the current session. By putting the formula in the EVSND cell and not in the input cells, you decrease the chances of your formulas getting overwritten or erased. To further protect the formulas, you may want to hide the EVSND cells in the input schedule. This function takes members that not specified from the current view settings.

What is the difference between DRILLDOWN and DRILLTHROUGH?

Drill down is different than drill through. Drill down is used to drill down on member data within dimensions. You can drill down on members in a worksheet, or you can drill down on charts and graphs. Drill down is conducted within one report in the Excel interface whereas drill through is a ‘jump’ outside of the Excel Interface.

What are the options of DRILL THROUGH ?

Jump to any website Jump to a BW query Jump to ECC tcode
what steps are in Processing a dimension?
Processing a dimension will execute the following steps:
Validate Hierarchy.
Validate Dimension member formulas.
Update member data into BW.
BW Attribute change run.

What steps are in processing a dimension?

Processing a dimension will execute the following steps:
Validate Hierarchy.
Validate Dimension member formulas.
Update member data into BW.
BW Attribute change run.

What fields will be in Distribution Template?

A Distribution Template may contain the following fields:
BOOK: the title of your distributed book.
SECTION: denotes the beginning of a section.
REPNAME: report filename, location and title (can also be for Input Schedules).
FIXKEY: sets dimension members to the fixed values when generating the report
For example, you can ensure that a report runs for 2008.TOTAL and ACTUAL.
VARYKEYS: lists the dimensions and dimension members that should vary for each report that will get created.
For example, if you want to create a new offline report for each Entity/Cost Center/etc, you would specify that dimension as a Vary Key.
You then map a specific Vary Key to a User ID who should receive that report (for example, the Cost Center manager). This way, each user who gets a report has the required dimension(s) set to their individual values
SECTIONEND: denotes the end of a section.

How to debug the script logic?

UJKT
Program UJK_SCRIPT_LOGIC_TESTER will allow you to test and debug script logic

What is Model in SAP BPC?

To meet the Business Planning and Consolidation requirement of an organization, you need to build a model in an environment, which is defined as a collection of several dimensions.

What is the use of dimension - R_Acct (A), while creating a Rate Application in BPC?

R_Acct (A) is used for maintaining different types of Rate.

Which design models are available in SAP BPC to fulfill the business requirements?

  • Standard Model
  • Embedded Model

How Standard model is different from Embedded BPC design model?

Embedded model is different from Standard model and includes data access to all community users. For Embedded design model, initial versions used were SAP BW Integrated Planning and Planning Application Kit i.e. BW-IP and PAK.

In Standard model, BPC environment contains the BPC applications or models and each model generates a BW InfoCube which is hidden.

What is the use of Transformation file? What are the different sections in a Transformation file?

Transformation file provides the mapping of fields from BW to BPC and is an excel file in BPC. It contains transaction data from InfoObjects in BW with BPC dimensions defined in the administration console.

There are three sections defined for mapping file −

  • Options− Contains the general settings.
  • Mapping− Used to assign dimension in BPC system with a source column in BW InfoObject.
  • Conversion− Contains the link of other Excel sheets to apply the conversion routine.

What is the use of conversion file? Name different sections in a conversion file.

A conversion file is used to apply the conversion rules for BPC dimension and is an Excel file. It contains three sections −

  • External− Contains the value from external source.
  • Internal− Contains the value it should be having for BPC dimension.
  • Formula− Defines the conversion formula applied to each record.

What are the different methods that can be used to create reports and input schedules in Business Planning and Consolidation?

  • Using Default Templates
  • EvDRE Builder
  • Drag and Drop Interface
  • Blank workbook

Have you used any default templates in BPC for reporting purpose? Name few of the default templates.

Subtotals by Account This custom report contains Account dimension with subtotals in rows and any dimension across in columns.
Variance This custom report contains any dimension in rows and categories comparison in columns. It also features Variances calculation (both amount and percentage). With both YTD and Periodic boxes.
Consolidating This custom report contains any dimension in rows and Entity type members across in columns with hierarchy.
Comparative X This custom report contains any dimension in rows and categories comparison in columns and also retrieves the Last Year same period data. With both YTD and Periodic boxes.
Comparison with 3 -year Year over Year comparison.
Drill in Place This template performs drill in place.
Nested This allows any two dimension to be nested in a row and a third dimension in column.
Sort on value This template performs the sort on total value.
Drill Dimension This allows to use drill in one dimension to other.

How can you migrate EvDRE reports created by BPC 7.5 Excel to BPC 10.0?

Go to EPM Ribbon → More → EvDRE Migration.

What is the syntax for Dimension logic? Which operators can be used in Dimension logic?

To define member dimension formula, you have to put a Square bracket around the dimension and there is dot between two.

[PRODUCT].[PRODUCT1] – [PRODUCT].[PRODUCT2]

[SALES].[SALES1] / [SALES].[SALES2]

Standard Arithmetic functions have to be used in dimension formula – addition (+), subtraction (-), multiplication (*), division (/) – are used in SAP NetWeaver.

What are the requirements to perform simple currency conversions and complex currency conversions?

Simple Conversion

  • There should be a Rate application where you store the exchange rates.
  • You should have an account dimension, which includes RATETYPE.
  • Entity dimension should include a property CURRENCY.
  • FXTRANS logic should be available and DEFAULT logic should include a call to FXTRANS logic.
  • Entity dimension should include the property TRANSALATE_TO.

Complex Conversion

  • There should be a Rate application where you store the exchange rates.
  • Application should contain a CURRENCY type dimension.
  • There should be property REPORTING for the CURRENCY dimension.
  • Entity dimension must include the property CURRENCY.
  • Account dimension must include property RATETYPE.
  • FXTRANS logic should be available.
  • DEFAULT logic should include a call to FXTRANS logic.

What is the use of work status? What are the key attributes in defining work status?

Work status is used to lock a region of data in a model. This is used to override the user’s member access privilege to write to a particular region.

There are multiple dimensions defined for a region with one property called as OWNER. While defining the work status, following are defined −

  • Work States− It belongs to physical state of data.
  • Security− You can set different levels of security on changing data in the system –All or Locked. You can set who can change the work state − Manager or Owner.
  • Data Update− This defines how data will be updated by the customer.
  • Push− This option is used to push the same work state for all the children of a member.

What are the options for book publishing in BPC?

You can publish books to BPC web. Administrators and Power users have an option to create books of reports by collecting series of reports.

You can select an output as Printer copy or .pdf file, which can be stored on the server. You can use Book Publishing wizard for this. Go to ePublish option and select Book Publishing wizard from there.

How is auditing done in SAP BPC? What are the different audit reports that can be pulled for audit purpose?

Audit functions allow you to create reports that contains history of user sessions and system information.

You can create Audit reports on the following topics −

Business Process Flows − You can create these reports in BPF.

  • Standard
  • Step
  • Audit

Security − You can create these reports in Security.

  • User
  • Team
  • Task Profiles
  • Data Access Profiles
  • BPF

General − You can create these reports under general.

  • Work Status
  • Administration Activities
  • Comments
  • Data Changes

What is the use of Journals in BPC? What are the options in Journal Manager?

Journals in BPC are used to update data in database. This is normally done to post quarter end or year-end data in BPC.

Example − Suppose the administrator has uploaded general ledger information into an application for the Area manager to review using data manager. The Area Manager can make necessary changes to the data using journal entry.

Following are the tasks that can be performed using Journal manager. If you have any open journal entry, you can perform these from Journal options.

Task Navigation
Creating a Journal Entry This can be done using the Action Pane
Modifying a Journal Entry Save as option can be used to save journal entry with new ID
Copying a Journal Entry From Journal list, select a Journal Entry and copy to confirm
Searching for a Journal Select New Query from Journal Manager
Reopening a Journal Select Reopen Journals

What are the two sections in Custom Menu Template?

Custom menu content is defined by two sections in custom menu template – Default section and Menu item section.

Explain the parameters that can be used with Custom Menu Template?

Parameters Options
NORMALSCREEN Value is True − It opens the custom menu in Excel interface.

Value is False − It opens the custom menu in Standard Excel.

HIDEEVTOOLBARS If Value is True − It will hide the Planning and Consolidation Toolbar.

If Value is False − It will display the Planning and Consolidation Toolbar.

CVLIST It is used to define the dimensions that has to be displayed on the top of custom menu page. These dimensions can be changed into the report mentioned in Custom menu.

Menu Item section includes the following parameters −

  • Menu Item− Text description that the user can select for the menu item.
  • Actions− Highlight, custom menu function or menu command.
  • Level− Level can be selected from section, item or sub item.
  • Parameters− For custom menu functions.
  • Normal Screen− Default is full screen. This is set to true, open custom menu in normal screen.
  • CVOverride− This is used to change current view dimensions while switching applications

What is difference between Reporting Model and Driver and Rate Model?

We use reporting models for analysis purpose. Non Reporting modules include Driver and Rates model and are used for currency rates, price, ownership data, etc.

Types of Reporting Models −

  • Consolidation
  • Finance
  • Generic

Types of Non Reporting Models −

  • Rate
  • Ownership

Can we do reporting on Non Reporting models and assign work status?

You can do reporting on non-reporting models but you cannot assign work status to them.

To perform intercompany elimination, which dimensions should be defined and what properties should be created for these dimensions?

To perform currency conversion and intercompany eliminations, you need a dimension type – Intercompany dimension (I). To execute intercompany elimination, an application should have the following −

  • Dimension Type “I” for intercompany elimination.
  • Dimension “I” should include a property ENTITY.
  • Account dimension should include the property ELIMACC.
  • Entity dimension should include the property ELIM.
  • You should set the appropriate business tables.
  • There should be DPT package to execute intercompany logic should be available.
Dimension Property Length Content
Account ELIMACC 20 Valid account
Entity ELIM 1 char It contains ‘Y’ or blank
InterCompany Entity 20 Entity Id w.r.t Intercompany member
Currency Reporting 1 ‘Y’ or blank

What is the use of Logic Scripts in SAP BPC?

Logic Scripts is defined as a set of SQL or MDX programming structure to perform some customized functions for flexibility and manage data models. When some specific requirements are not achieved using business rules, those can be met by the use of Logic Scripts.

While creating a legal consolidation application, which of the dimensions needs to be created in BPC?

C_Acct (A) − For maintaining charts of account.

C_Category (C) − To define category.

Groups (R) − Like GROUP A (USD), GROUP B (EUR), and GROUP C (RMB).

Entity (E) − It contains the business unit used to derive process.

C_Datasrc (D) − Data Source Dimension.

IntCo (I) − It determines the level of the entity hierarchy at which level the elimination needs to be performed.

Time (T) − Time in all dimensions.

Flow (S) − To keep track of movements in Consolidation.

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