SAP PP Interview Questions and Answers for 2018

1.What is SAP PP?
PP = Production Planning
SAP Poduction Planning (PP) is one the largest functional module in SAP. This module deals with all production processes like Capacity Planning, Master Production Scheduling, Material Requirement Planning & more…
The Production Planning module of SAP takes care of Master data needed like Bill Of Materials, Routings and Work Centers and stores it in one separate component.

2.Can we create Production order without bom and routing?
yes we can create a production order without BOM & routing.Change the Config in OPL8 ( order type dependent parameters)as routing optional. But it may ask for a sales order when we try to create order using CO01

3.What is the difference between by-product and co-product and how do you differentiate them in a BOM?
In case, of Co-product costs are settled with an apportionment structure. In case, of By-product the price of this by-product is credited to the order or the material stock account of the lead material being manufactured. Co-Product as well as by-product are defined as BOM Components/Items. Both of them have negative quantities. ( Not all negative quantity items fall under these categories!). When BOM is created for FERT, you can see one indicator in COMPONENT DETAILS screen for co-product. You need to define the co-products with this special indicator

4.Mention what are the production process in SAP?
There are three types of production process in SAP
Discrete Manufacturing
Repetitive Manufacturing
Production- Process Industries

5.What are some important tables used in PP (Production Planning)?
For orders:
CUAFVD dialog structure for order headers and items
AFPO – Order item
AFFLD Order: Dialog table for order sequences (AFFL)
MOPER Operation for production order
KBED Capacity requirements
AFRU Order completion confirmations
RESB Reservation/Dependent Requirements
AFFHD Structure of PRT’s in orders
SOPER Sub-operations
SAFRU Sub-operation confirmations
SKBED Capacity requirements for sub-operation
MRP table is MDTB.
For PI:
CAUFV – AFVC Operation within an order
AFFT Order Process Instructions
AFFV Order process instruction values
Some other tables of interest:

6.what is the difference between PP and PP-PI? Which one is better and how?
PP–> Prodction Planning mostly used for descrete type of
industries , where at the time of confirmation the output is
sure to be fixed. eg Automobile

PP- PI–> Production Planning for Process Industries , here
mostly used for the typical chemical industries , as the
Yield is not fixed due to chemical reaction yield values can
be varied to noticable extent. Eg X+Y =Z some 10 kg of X
and 1 KG of Y givs yiled that is Z of 10 Kg only.

7.What are the costing parameter?
The costing Parameters are the following
Work center : Activity types and the formulaes,cost center
Routing : the time ,activity types
In Production order dependent parameters we are defining
the Variant ,result analysis key,settlement profile
In the controlling i.e in KP 26 we will be defining the
rates per hour depending on the rates it will reflect the
cost caluculating from the routing..

8.What structure do your BOMs have? How many levels are there?
How many components are there on each level?

How many components are there on each level?
BOM IS A multilevel,
we can assign bom level by level cs11,
level 1 bom header material assembly levelcontains components which also have bom contains
level 2 bom sub assembly level
last lower level is level 3 components level

9.How to attach a drawing for a material to BOM ? Is it possible ?
Yes, you can attach a drawing. First create a document using Transaction Code “CV01N – Create Document”. Attach your drawing in that document. The system will generate a document number. Assign this document in the BOM with item category D. Report in Long Term Planning – You use long term planning for your customers, what they need are very simple, just to calculate future requirements for 1 or 2 years.

10.Explain what is Routing in SAP PP?
Routing in SAP PP is referred to a list of activities which are required to produce any material. For example, when you do cost estimation for the material, the system triggers the relevant routing and activity rates for all those described in routing. Which will helpful to calculate the processing cost in product costing.

11.Are there any reports in SAP to list of material requirement from LTP ?
You need a list of material requirement from long term planning result for each item. Use MS70 then use MCEC.

12.If there are some errors in goods movements, and less stock of material consumed, how can i solve that problem in SAP?
According to me COGI is basically a SAP standardised system
which will tell you that what is the error in some cases it
can rectify it too.

But if the entry is done manually by MB1A, MB1B, MB1C you
have to bring back or cancell the movement or move the
stock to desired material and then refresh COGI.

13.What is a ‘BOM’?
A ‘BOM (Bill of Material)’ is nothing but a structured list of components (with the object number, quantity, and unit of measure) that go into the making of a product or an assembly. Depending on the industry sector, they may also be called recipes or lists of ingredients. The structure of the product determines whether the bill of material is simple or very complex.

14.What are the reports generated in product cost controlling information system?
Product Cost Controlling information system generates information for following areas

Product cost planning

Cost object controlling with the subcomponents

Product cost by period

Product cost by order

Product cost by sales order

Costs for intangible goods and services

Actual costing / Material Ledger

15.What are all the ‘Technical Types of BOM’?
There are two ‘Technical Types of BOM’ supported in SAP:
Variant BOM
Material BOM

16.Explain why their is need of production version?
In production version, we assign the BOM and ROUTING
combination. And in case of alternate BOMs , it clears which
alternative bom has to be selected automatically.

17.Differentiate ‘Variant BOM’ from ‘Multiple BOM.’
While a ‘Variant BOM’ groups together several BOMs that describe different objects (for example, different models of a car) with a high proportion of identical parts, a Multiple BOM groups together several BOMs that describe one object (for example, a product) with different combinations of materials for different processing methods.
The Variant BOMs are supported for the following BOM categories:
Material BOMs
Document structures
Equipment BOMs
Functional location BOMs
Multiple BOMs are only supported for Material BOMs.

18.Explain what is “work center” in SAP PP and what is the use of Data in Work Centers?
“Work Centers” are business objects in SAP-PP that is used in task list operations ( routings, maintenance task lists, inspection plans) and work orders.
Data in work center is used for

  • Scheduling: Formulas and operating time are entered, so that the duration of an operation can be calculated
  • Costing: Formulas are entered so that the costs of an operation can be calculated
  • Capacity Planning: The available capacity and formulas for capacity requirements is entered
  • Simplifying operation maintenance: Various default values can be included in the work center

19.Define ‘BOM Group.’
A ‘BOM Group’ is a collection of BOMs that lets you describe a product or a number of similar products. The value in the BOM group field uniquely identifies the BOM group. You can use the BOM group as an alternative way of accessing the BOM. A BOM group comprises either all the alternatives of a multiple BOM or all the variants of a variant BOM.
When you create a BOM group, the system checks the special characters you use. Apart from the usual alphanumeric characters, you can use the following special characters: ‘-’,‘/’,‘_.’ You cannot use blanks.

20.Explain what is the meaning of exploding a BOM?
it is the process of multiplying the requirement by the
usage quantity and recording the appropriate requirements
throughout the product tree

21.What are the ‘BOM Categories’ Supported by SAP?
The following are the various Categories of BOM:
Equipment BOM
Material BOM
Sales Order BOM
Document Structure
Functional Location BOM

22.What is the use of MRP PP evaluations?
This role contains a function for evaluating the MRP result. This function can be used to find information about the availability of material and to identify any material shortage situation.

23.What are all the different manufacturing scenarios in pp?
There are different scenarios in SAP PP module.

  1. Make to stock
  2. Make to order
  3. External processing (Subcontracting)
  4. Rework processing
  5. Prodcution in another plant

24.Are there any reports in SAP to list of material requirement from LTP ?
You need a list of material requirement from long term planning result for each item. Use MS70 then use MCEC.

25.Mention what is the purpose of using Capacity Planning?
Capacity Planning supports planning in all phases

  • Long term rough cut planning
  • Medium term planning
  • Short term planning

It can be integrated with various SAP applications like SAP-SD, PP, PP-SOP, PP-LTP, PP-SFC, etc.

26.How to delete a group of products that was created in screen MC84 ?
Delete the members in the product group and then archive the product group in transaction SARA, object=MM_MATNR. (The product group is created as a material master record with material type PROD and this record is deleted in SARA.)

27.Do you have different BOMs for a material in different plants?
generally we have following BOMs

  1. Product Tree
  2. Parent- component relationship
  3. Multilevel Bill
  4. Multiple Bill
  5. Single Level Bill
  6. Indented bill
  7. Summarized parts list
  8. Planning bill
  9. where- used report
  10. Pegging report

28.Explain how can you create production order without routing and BOM?
Without BOM and routing you can create a production order by changing the config in OPL8 ( order type dependent parameters) as routing optional. When we try to create an order using C001 it may ask for a sales order.

29.Mention what is the t-code for changing production order and to display production order?

  • T-code to change the production order = C002
  • T-code to display the production order = C003

30.Tell me the planning steps for 100 products?
CK11n is used for standard cost estimation.
to run that we have to run ck24 also.

Use CK40N f0r 100 products

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